Child’s grave in 78,000-year-old Kenyan cave tells of early man’s emotional life


A youngster that scientists have nicknamed 'Mtoto' or 'child' in Swahili was buried in a ...
A youngster that scientists have nicknamed 'Mtoto' or 'child' in Swahili was buried in a cave called Panga ya Saidi in Kilifi County. PHOTO | REUTERS

In Summary

  • The discovery of the oldest known human burial site, a child's grave in a Kenyan cave, sheds new light on the emotional life of early Homo sapiens, the head of archaeology for the east African country's museums said on Wednesday.

The discovery of the oldest known human burial site, a child’s grave in a Kenyan cave, sheds new light on the emotional life of early Homo sapiens, the head of archaeology said on Wednesday.

Scientists announced last week that they had found the site, dating to around 78,000 years ago, where a youngster they have nicknamed ‘Mtoto’ or ‘child’ in Swahili was buried in a cave called Panga ya Saidi in Kilifi County.

“It’s significant … because it’s for the first time that we’re beginning to get a feel of the cognitive and also the emotional abilities at this point in time,” Emmanuel Ndiema told Reuters in an interview.

Previous archaeological discoveries helped researchers understand other aspects of how early humans lived, such as their technological advances, how they sustained themselves and how they related to their environment, he said.

“We are beginning to understand people having some emotional attachment to the dead that they can be able to intentionally bury them. We are also seeing cognitive abilities, abstract thinking,” said Ndiema.

An artist’s rendering of the burial of Mtoto, the oldest-known grave in Africa. The child died some 78,000 years ago. Image by Fernando Fueyo.
An artist’s rendering of the burial of Mtoto, the oldest-known grave in Africa. The child died some 78,000 years ago. Image by Fernando Fueyo.
The remains of a child roughly age 3 who lived about 78,000 years ago and was found in a burial pit at a cave site in Kenya called Panga ya Saidi, the oldest-known human burial in Africa, are seen in an undated virtual reconstruction. Jorge Gonzalez/Elena Santos/Handout via REUTERS
The remains of a child roughly age 3 who lived about 78,000 years ago and was found in a burial pit at a cave site in Kenya called Panga ya Saidi, the oldest-known human burial in Africa, are seen in an undated virtual reconstruction. Jorge Gonzalez/Elena Santos/Handout via REUTERS

 

Mtoto was placed in a shallow grave under the sheltered overhang of the cave, head resting on a pillow and the upper part of the body carefully wrapped in a shroud.

The child, whose gender remains unclear, is thought to have died aged about 2-1/2 to 3 years old.

The body was placed in a flexed position, lying on the right side, with knees drawn toward the chest, according to the researchers who published their findings last week.

Mtoto was part of a hunter-gatherer culture, with remains of various antelope species and other prey found at the site, an upland setting in a tropical forest. Also found were stone tools for scraping and boring holes, and stone points that could be used as part of a spear.

Ndiema said the discovery also shows early Homo sapiens lived in different parts of what is now Kenya, contradicting a long-standing narrative that suggested early humans only settled in the Great Rift Valley, further west from the coastal area.

Remains of a child buried around 78,000 years ago in Panga ya Saidi cave near Kenya's coast are seen at the National Museum of Kenya, in Nairobi, Kenya, May 12, 2021. Picture taken May 12, 2021. REUTERS/Baz Ratner
Remains of a child buried around 78,000 years ago in Panga ya Saidi cave near Kenya’s coast are seen at the National Museum of Kenya, in Nairobi, Kenya, May 12, 2021. Picture taken May 12, 2021. REUTERS/Baz Ratner

Remains of a child buried around 78,000 years ago in Panga ya Saidi cave near Kenya's coast are seen at the National Museum of Kenya, in Nairobi, Kenya, May 12, 2021. Picture taken May 12, 2021. REUTERS/Baz Ratner

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