Evolving job market guides education system overhaul
Kenya is embarking on a pilot program to overhaul the education system. The aim is to emphasize skills over knowledge and to include more science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) courses and vocational training in an effort to better prepare youth for the evolving job market.
If implemented, this would be the second major reform to the national school curriculum since independence.
The last such change, in 1985, moved the country to the 8-4-4 system which requires students to undergo eight years of primary school, four years of secondary school and four years of university.
The education ministry is rolling out the new 2-6-6-3 system, which reshuffles the number of years students spend at primary, secondary and university levels. The goal is to get students ready for existing and emerging jobs.
Kenya has one of the highest rates of unemployment in East Africa, according to the 2016 U.N. Human Development Index.
“The 8-4-4 system needed to be changed because it was no longer addressing the needs today,” Sarah Ruto, the chairperson of the Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development Council (KICD) told VOA news.
“If you look at employers, they are always saying the graduates they are getting do not have the skills and competencies to fit in the job market and this brings us back to the education system. How are we teaching?” she said
Officials say the new system supports the government’s Vision 2030 development plan which will transform Kenya into an industrialized, middle-income economy by the end of the next decade.
With the new system, children will enter preschool at age four and stay two years. They will then move to six years of primary school, where the focus would be on logical thinking, social skills and digital literacy.
Next would be six years of secondary school, to include rigorous career guidance. The last three years would be centered on arts, sports,financial literacy, entrepreneurship and STEM fields. Students would focus on a specific area based on their abilities.
Digital literacy would be a main facet throughout, and schools will shift away from exam-based evaluation. Secondary school students will sit for a final exam to determine whether they will move on to an additional three years of either university or additional vocational training.
“If you do not sit back and reflect and reform, you will find that what you are doing in the school is very different from what is happening outside. This will mean that when your children start graduating from the school system, they are being trained for something that is not in society.” Said Ms. Ruto.
However, experts warn that a new curriculum is not a magic bullet. They say the country must also address other issues, including frequent teachers strikes and a lack of basic necessities such as desks in schools.
The new model is being tested in schools selected by the government. If all goes well, educators will submit a formal plan for a nationwide overhaul to parliament for debate and approval.
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